November 22, 2003
Massachusetts Court Orders
week the highest court of Massachusetts ruled that gay couples have the
right to marry under the state's constitution and it ordered the state
legislature to make same-sex marriages possible within 180 days.
This unprecedented step was denounced by President Bush who vowed to "do
what is legally necessary to defend the sanctity of marriage." He said,
"Marriage is a sacred institution between a man and a woman. Today's
decision of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court violates this important
A Pew Forum poll revealed that opposition to same-sex marriage has risen
from 53 to 59 percent since the U.S. Supreme Court issued a ruling
overturning a Texas sodomy law which said that homosexuals, like
heterosexuals have the right to "seek autonomy" in their relationships. It
cited "personal decisions relating to marriage" as an important area of
It also held that even if the public opposes "a particular practice as
immoral is not a sufficient reason for upholding a law prohibiting that
Morality is not the basis of law? That is a radical notion concocted by a
handful of Supreme Court judges. Massachusetts also rejected the idea, held
for thousands of years of human history, that marriage is the union of man
and woman which "furthers the legitimate State purpose of ensuring,
promoting and supporting an optimal social structure for the bearing and
raising of children," as one dissenting justice put it.
What should be done now?
"The courts have tossed a political grenade into the legislature, and they
have 6 months to put the pins back in," said Tony Perkins, President of the
Family Research Council. "What they can do is pass a constitutional
amendment that says marriage is between a man and woman. We would then have
a true constitutional crisis. Will the court extend its stay until voters
have had an opportunity to vote and ratify it?"
Probably not, since the court allowed the legislature only 6 months to act,
and the soonest a constitutional amendment could be passed is 2006, after it
had been approved by two successive sessions of the legislature, and voted
on by the public. Gov. Mitt Romney favors that approach combined with civil
unions for gays like that of Vermont. But the Court could order same sex
marriages to be approved. Massachusetts would then probably begin to approve
If so, hundreds or thousands of gay couples across America will go to
Massachusetts to get married, return home and file law suits demanding their
own states recognize their marriages.
Given the U.S. Supreme Court's expansive ruling in the Texas sodomy case, it
would likely support legalizing gay marriage. The fact that a cabal of
judges would be forcing such a major change on a public whose elected
representatives would not support it - appears to many conservatives to be
"judicial tyranny." This prospect has galvanized conservative groups to
fight for a Federal Marriage Amendment (FMA) that would block both state and
federal court action to re-write marriage law, as Massachusetts has done.
There are 100 House sponsors of FMA and Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist
and other Republicans favor it, though no bill is in the Senate.
Problem is, passage would require a two-thirds vote in both Houses of
Congress and in three-quarters of state legislatures. Very few Democrats in
either House support FMA. That will change as "lawsuits export this issue to
other states," says Matt Daniels, whose Alliance for Marriage drafted FMA.
On the other hand, some conservative groups are unhappy with the FMA that
would do nothing about civil unions, and are trying to make the Senate bill
block them. If they succeed, passage will be even more difficult since there
is growing support for civil unions.
Indiana Rep. John Hostettler has a better idea. He says, "The nation's
founders never intended for the judiciary to be the most powerful branch of
government. Article III, Section 2 of the Constitution gives the Supreme
Court jurisdiction in most cases 'with such exceptions and under such
regulations as the Congress shall make.'"
Congress has already approved a Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) signed by
President Clinton in 1996, stating that marriage is between a man and a
woman. Hostettler proposes an amendment which "would strip jurisdiction for
DOMA from the U.S. Supreme Court. The time is ripe for dismantling the altar
of judicial supremacy," he asserts.
That bill requires only 51 percent of the House and Senate to approve it and
no state legislative approval, a vastly easier task than passing a